Christ the Saviour Church
Moscow, Russia

Description
Type Public building
Project New building
Execution 1995-2000
Project amount 170.000.000 €
Area 524.000 m²
Architect Aleksey Denisov, Mikhail Posokhin, Surab Zereteli


The resurrection of the most important and largest Russian Orthodox Cathedral

Not only the inhabitants of Dresden understand the importance of the reconstruction of a building, which is important for the identification of a people. The Christ the Saviour Cathedral is a sacred building with historical past in the Russian capital Moscow. It is considered to be the central place of worship of the Russian Orthodox church. With a height of 103 meters it is one of the tallestOrthodox churches in the world.

he original building on the left bank of the river Moskva west of the Kremlin was constructed in the second half of the 19th century by the Russian-German architect Konstantin Ton in Russian-Byzantine style in memory of the victory over Napoleon in 1812. In 1931, Josef Stalin had the cathedral blown up to erect the Palace of the Soviets at its place. With a huge statue of Lenin and a total height of 415 m, the Palace was planned to become the tallest building in the world. Because of financial bottlenecks and the outbreak of the Second World War, the construction was, however, stopped.

During the sixties, the foundation of the Palace became the world’s largest outdoor swimming pool for thirty years. With the return of the Orthodox culture in the Soviet Union during the Perestroika at the end of the eighties, the reconstruction of the Christ the Saviour Cathedral and its rehabilitation as the religious centre of Russia was publicly claimed more and more frequently. In January 1995, Alexej II, the patriarch of the Russian Orthodox church, laid the foundation for the reconstruction of the Christ the Saviour Cathedral.

Although the reconstruction, which was mainly financed from public funds, was widely criticised, the building was completed with the help of the latest technology and reinforced concrete after a construction period of only 5 years in time for the 850th anniversary of the city foundation. Since then, the golden domes of the cathedral are again visible from afar.

The challenge:

The variety and different patterns of the Oventrop valves and thermostats help the planners of modern architecture as well as wholesalers and installers to comply with any technical requirement. The valves with presetting allow for an adaptation of the heating water flow to the requirements and thus for an economical heat output of the individual radiators.

The building complex of the Christ the Saviour Cathedral with its different rooms and halls also places high demands on thermostats and valves. As for room temperature control, the high accuracy and ease of maintenance were the decisive factors to select Oventrop thermostats “Uni LH” and isolating valves.

Proportional controllers working without auxiliary energy and valves are used for room temperature control by modifying the heating water flow, which complies with the requirements of the German Energy Saving Directive and allows for the design of radiator valves within a proportional control range of 1 or 2 Kelvin.


Location